The Palace Museum, historically and artistically one
of the most comprehensive Chinese museums, was established
on the foundation of the palace that was the ritual center
of two dynasties, the Ming and the Qing, and their collections
of treasures. Designated by the State Council as one of
China's foremost protected monuments in 1961, the Palace
Museum was also made a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987.
Situated at the heart of Beijing, the Palace Museum
is approached through Tiananmen Gate. Immediately to the
north of the Palace Museum is Prospect Hill (also called
Coal Hill), while on the east and west are Wangfujing
and Zhongnanhai neighborhoods. It is a location endowed
with cosmic significance by ancient China's astronomers.
Known as the Outer Court, the southern portion of the
Forbidden City centers on the halls of Supreme Harmony,
Central Harmony, and Preserving Harmony.It is a magnificent
sight, the buildings' glowing yellow roofs against vermilion
walls, not to mention their painted ridges and carved
beams, all contributing to the sumptuous effect.
since the beginning of the economic-reform era, an increasing
number of travel exhibitions have been mounted in countries
such as Britain, the USA, France, the former Soviet Union,
Germany, Austria, Spain, Australia, Japan and Singapore,
among others. All of them have aroused great interest
and admiration and played a key part in the promotion
of international understanding and cultural exchange.